Assessment 2

Assessment Instructions


Read Assessment 2 Context (linked in the Resources) to learn about the concepts used in this assessment. This assessment contains two parts. Follow the instructions provided for each part. Submit both parts of your assessment as Word documents.

Part 1: Interpreting Correlations

A meta-analysis (Anderson & Bushman, 2001) reported that the average correlation between time spent playing video games (X) and engaging in aggressive behavior (Y) in a set of 21 well-controlled experimental studies was r+ = .19. This correlation was judged to be statistically significant. In your own words, what can you say about the nature of the relationship? Write a one-page response to this question.

Part 2: Correlations

You will use the following resources for this assessment. They are linked in the Resources.

  1. Complete this part of the assessment using the DAA Template.
  2. Read the SPSS Data Analysis Report Guidelines for a more complete understanding of the DAA Template and how to format and organize your assessment.
  3. Refer to IBM SPSS Step-By-Step Instructions: Correlations for additional information on using SPSS for this assessment.
  4. If necessary, review the Copy/Export Output Instructions to refresh your memory on how to perform these tasks. As with your previous two assessments, your submission should be narrative with supporting statistical output (table and graphs) integrated into the narrative in the appropriate place (not all at the end of the document).

You will analyze the following variables in the grades.sav data set:

  • gender.
  • gpa.
  • total.
  • final.
Step 1: Write Section 1 of the DAA

Provide a context of the grades.sav data set. Include a definition of the specified variables and corresponding scales of measurement. Indicate the type of correlation for each X, Y pair (for example, Pearson’s r, Spearman’s r, point-biserial r, et cetera). Specify the sample size of the data set.

Step 2: Write Section 2 of the DAA

Test the assumptions of correlation for gpa and final. Paste the SPSS histogram output for each variable and discuss your visual interpretations. Paste SPSS descriptives output showing skewness and kurtosis values and interpret them. Paste SPSS scatter plot output with gpa set to the horizontal axis and final set to the vertical axis. Conduct a visual inspection of the scatter plot to analyze other assumptions of correlation. Summarize whether or not the assumptions of correlation are met.

Step 3: Write Section 3 of the DAA

Specify a research question related to gpa and final. Articulate the null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis. Specify your alpha level.

Step 4: Write Section 4 of the DAA

Paste the SPSS output of the intercorrelation matrix for all specified variables.

  • First, report the lowest magnitude correlation in the intercorrelation matrix, including degrees of freedom, correlation coefficient, p value, and effect size. Interpret the effect size. Specify whether or not to reject the null hypothesis for this correlation.
  • Second, report the highest magnitude correlation in the intercorrelation matrix, including degrees of freedom, correlation coefficient, p value, and effect size. Interpret the effect size. Specify whether or not to reject the null hypothesis for this correlation.
  • Third, report the correlation between gpa and final, including degrees of freedom, correlation coefficient, p value, and effect size. Interpret the effect size. Analyze the correlation in terms of the null hypothesis.
Step 5: Write Section 5 of the DAA

Discuss the implications of this correlation as it relates to the research question. Conclude with an analysis of the strengths and limitations of correlational analysis.


Anderson, C. A., & Bushman, B. J. (2001). Effects of violent video games on aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, aggressive affect, physiological arousal, and prosocial behavior: A meta-analytic review of the scientific literature. Psychological Science12(5), 353–359.


APA Resources

Because this is a psychology course, you need to format this assessment according to APA guidelines. Additional resources about APA can be found in the Research Resources in the courseroom navigation menu. Use the resources to guide your work.

  • American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Required Resources

The following resources are required to complete the assessment.

Data Set Instructions

These are the same instructions provided in Assessment 1.

Assessment Template and Output Instructions


As you prepare to complete this assessment, you may want to think about other related issues to deepen your understanding or broaden your viewpoint. You are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, or a member of your professional community. Note that these questions are for your own development and exploration and do not need to be completed or submitted as part of your assessment.


  • Correlation versus causation:
    • If correlation does not imply causation, what does it imply?
    • Are there ever any circumstances when a correlation can be interpreted as evidence for a causal connection between two variables?
    • If yes, what circumstances?
  • Application of correlation:
    • Is there a research question from your professional life or career specialization that can be addressed by a correlation?
    • Why would a correlation be the appropriate analysis for this research question?
    • What are the variables and their scale of measurement?
    • What is the expected outcome (positive, negative, no relationship)?

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s We Should All Be Feminists

Your final project will be to create a meme (image + text) using a quote from Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s We Should All Be Feminists. If you don’t have the technical capability to create an actual meme that I can see, you can complete the task by describing what the meme would look like (for full credit).

You will be graded on three criteria (10 points possible for each):

  1. Image–choose an image that either relates directly to the book or that relates to an idea that Adichie explores. Bonus points given for use of “classic meme imagery,” many of which are available, along with nifty templates, here (Links to an external site.). Like I said above, if you don’t have the technical chops to copy images onto a doc, you can just describe the picture in detail.
  2. Text–use a short text phrase that gives the meme meaning that relates to We Should All Be in some way. The relationship doesn’t have to be obvious (you will be required to explain it anyway, so go ahead and risk confusing me–I’ll be pretty generous with these, I promise). Bonus points for using a direct quote from the book as your meme text (this might be difficult, so don’t feel pressure to do it).
  3. Explanation–one ¶ describing what you wanted to accomplish with the meme, what theme/idea from the book it corresponds to, and what rhetorical elements it possesses (e.g. what is it arguing, what do we need to know to understand it, what is the relationship between the image and text?). Please spell this out for me even if you think it’s obvious. ¶ should be a MAX of 200 words.

Communication Report

Communication Report

For this assignment, you have to take on the role of a human services administrator charged by the Department of Health with the responsibility of communicating to various constituencies about the recent outbreak of a communicable disease within a specific community. You will now need to write three communication messages appropriate to the following groups—youths, parents, and medical staff—one communication message per group.

Part A

Part A: Analysis Plan

  • Explain what media and forms of communication (at least one of which will be verbal) you would employ to communicate with each group—youths, parents, and medical staff—that will be most effective with these audiences.
  • Identify two to three conflicts that could potentially arise with any one of the constituents and the strategies you would employ to resolve the conflicts.
  • Prioritize and explain the most pertinent aspects of the message to be conveyed to each group.

Part B: Communication Memos

  • Compose in detail three different communication messages that appropriately match each group of recipients—youths, parents, and medical staff—regarding the recent outbreak of the communicable disease. One of the messages should be a script for a verbal communication. Consider the following aspects when composing your messages—the recipient, the context, the content, and delivery variables.

Part C: Application of Theory

  • Explain which communication theories you applied to the situation that influenced your approach to handling this problem.

Submission Details:

 prepare a 5- to 9-page analysis paper. Your response should rely upon sources from professional literature. This may include the Argosy University online library resources, relevant textbooks, peer-reviewed journal articles, and websites created by professional organizations, agencies, or institutions (.edu, .org, or .gov). Write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources (i.e., APA format); and use accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.