Smoking In Public. Argumentative Essay

Tiffin University
Presented by Lynne Wagner
What is an argument?
1. An argument is a REASONED, logical
way of demonstrating the writer’s
position, belief, or conclusion is valid.
2. Arguments seek to make people believe
that something is true or to persuade
people to change their beliefs or

5 Tips For Supporting
Claims in an
Argumentative Essay
1. Introduce precise claims
2. Develop claims and counterclaims
3. Use words, phrases, and clauses to link
4. Establish and maintain formal tone
5. Provide concluding statement
Identify your thesis or
argument in a yes/no fashion.
Distinguish YOUR claims
from alternative or counter
Create organization that
establishes relationship
between claims,
counterclaims, reasons, and

Develop claims and
counterclaims in detail.
Supply evidence for eachpointing out strengths and
limitations of both.
Anticipate readers’
knowledge level and

Link the major sections of text
Create cohesion
Clarify the relationship between
claims & reasons
Clarify the relationship between
reasons & evidence
Clarify the relationship
between claims &

Establish and maintain a
formal style of writing.
Establish and maintain an
objective tone.
Attend to the norms and
conventions for APA citations.

Provide a concluding
statement that supports
the argument presented.
Provide a concluding
statement that reinforces
your viewpoint.
Provide a summary of the

Argument vs. Persuasion
A persuasive essay
May make claims based on opinion
May not take opposing ideas into account
Persuades by appealing to the audience’s emotion
or by relying on the character or credentials of
the writer – less on the merits of the his/her
reasons and evidence

Argument vs. Persuasion
An argumentative essay
Makes claims based on factual evidence
Makes counter-claims. The author takes opposing
views into account.
Neutralizes or “defeat” serious opposing ideas
Convinces audience through the merit and
reasonableness of the claims and proofs offered
Often compares texts or ideas to establish position

Key Terms
Your basic belief about:
A particular topic
A particular issue
A particular event
A particular idea

A solid argument that OPPOSES your claim
A solid argument that DISAGREES with your claim
This is KEY for identifying problem spots!

A written or verbal response to a counterclaim.
The object is take into account the ideas presented in
the counterclaim and explain WHY they aren’t:
persuasive enough
valid enough
important enough
The object is take into account the ideas presented in
the counterclaim and explain WHY can’t outweigh
your claim.

Specific facts used to support your claim
Specific evidence used to support your claim
Support can be found in numerous sources:
Research projects
Court cases

Argue against a position
Prove a position to be wrong

A “partly-agree” stance in which you agree
(IN PART) with another argument or position
You need to state how or why you disagree with parts
of another argument or position
This is a great way of introducing your counterclaims!

Things to double check
Make sure all examples and details support your claims
Does all of your evidence lead to a logical conclusion?
Do you have a clearly defined relationship between
claims, counterclaims, evidence, etc?

Unit 4: The Changing Brain

Unit 4: The Changing Brain


  1. Which article did you choose?






  1. What was the purpose of this study? (What gap in knowledge and/or controversy were the researchers trying to address?)








  1. What are the major findings/conclusions? What contributions did these researchers make to the scientific community regarding this topic?









  1. What are some potential problems/limitations with this study? What are some ways these limitations could be addressed?








  1. What do you think would be a good follow-up experiment?

Planning An IT Infrastructure Audit For Compliance

Note: Chapter 5 of the required textbook may be helpful in the completion of the assignment.

The audit planning process directly affects the quality of the outcome. A proper plan ensures that resources are focused on the right areas and that potential problems are identified early. A successful audit first outlines the objectives of the audit, the procedures that will be followed, and the required resources.

Choose an organization you are familiar with and develop an eight page IT infrastructure audit for compliance in which you:

  1. Define the following items for an organization you are familiar with:
    1. Scope
    2. Goals and objectives
    3. Frequency of the audit
    4. Duration of the audit
  2. Identify the critical requirements of the audit for your chosen organization and explain why you consider them to be critical requirements.
  3. Choose privacy laws that apply to the organization, and suggest who is responsible for privacy within the organization.
  4. Develop a plan for assessing IT security for your chosen organization by conducting the following:
    1. Risk management
    2. Threat analysis
    3. Vulnerability analysis
    4. Risk assessment analysis
  5. Explain how to obtain information, documentation, and resources for the audit.
  6. Analyze how each of the seven (7) domains aligns within your chosen organization.
  7. Align the appropriate goals and objectives from the audit plan to each domain and provide a rationale for your alignment.
  8. Develop a plan that:
    1. Examines the existence of relevant and appropriate security policies and procedures.
    2. Verifies the existence of controls supporting the policies.
    3. Verifies the effective implementation and ongoing monitoring of the controls.
  9. Identify the critical security control points that must be verified throughout the IT infrastructure, and develop a plan that includes adequate controls to meet high-level defined control objectives within this organization.
  10. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Describe the parameters required to conduct and report on IT infrastructure audit for organizational compliance.
  • Describe the components and basic requirements for creating an audit plan to support business and system considerations
  • Develop IT compliance audit plans
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in security strategy and policy formation.
  • Write clearly and concisely about topics related to information technology audit and control using proper writing mechanics and technical style conventions.

Servant Leadership

While servant leadership is often associated with Christianity and the Bible, one could argue that it is compatible with most religions and philosophies and that it transcends cultures. This assignment presents you with an opportunity to explore other cultures, philosophies, and religions and asks you to think critically about how servant leadership practices are apparent in other religions and cultures.

Select one cultural context. Also select one religious viewpoint. You may not select Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, or Christianity, including any of its denominations or traditions such as Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism.

Examine how the principles of servant leadership are evident in that chosen culture and in that chosen religion. In an essay (1,250-1,500 words), identify similarities and differences between servant leadership’s philosophies and the values evident in the selected cultural context and religious viewpoint. Be sure to provide specific examples of practices and/or values in your discussion.

You are required to locate a total of four articles that address servant leadership in your chosen cultural context and religious viewpoint. Two of the articles should examine servant leadership from a different cultural perspective and two articles should examine servant leadership from a different religious perspective. Be sure to select academic articles from reputable sources that are 10-20 pages in length. Include information from the articles in your discussion.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

SPSS Statistics Assignment

Short Paper: Simple Data Brief


In this lesson you were introduced to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data and survey documentation. You learned about a unique aspect of NHANES, which is the collection of health interview, examination, and laboratory data. In the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) video clip presented in this lesson, you saw how mobile exam centers are used across the country to collect data. Later in the lesson, you reviewed the NHANES website to learn more about the different health topics addressed in the interview, exam, and lab portions of the survey. You should spend time reviewing what is available and think about aspects of the data you would like to examine.

Organizations like the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) create a variety of publications and reports for the public, as well as health professionals, researchers, policy makers, students, and more. These products often include the analysis of data from NHANES and other large datasets. One type of report NCHS creates is called a data brief. Data briefs focus on topics that are relevant to public health and present the key results in a concise written summary along with graphic elements.

In this assignment, you will practice basic analysis and graphing using the NHANES to generate a simple data brief on a health topic. You will need to use at least three datasets from NHANES – the demographic data file and two additional health topic datasets of your choice. Here is a link to one example of a data brief, Contribution of Whole Grains to Total Grains Intake Among Adults Aged 20 and Over: United States, 2013–2016 (Links to an external site.). Keep in mind that this professional product presents a sophisticated analysis that addresses multiple years of data. Your work for this assignment need not be complex, but should strive to model the accurate conclusions and concise format of the brief.

This assignment provides an opportunity to practice writing that conveys scientific findings clearly and accurately to general and professional audiences. For this assignment, you need to complete the following steps:

  1. Step 1: Identify three health variables of interest and at least two demographic variables of interest.
  2. Step 2: Clearly and accurately summarize the methods used to collect data on the variables.
  3. Step 3: Frame at least three questions about the variables. One question can be related to prevalence (or how common a condition is) and two should be related to examining associations between health behaviors and/or outcomes with each other and/or demographic characteristics.
  4. Step 4: Plan the appropriate descriptive and basic inferential analyses and complete any variable recoding or computing necessary.
  5. Step 5: Conduct descriptive and basic inferential analyses, as appropriate.
  6. Step 6: Clearly and accurately summarize the results of the analysis.
  7. Step 7: Create at least two graphical representations of the results.

You will also need to include in-text citations and provide a full reference list in APA format at the end of the data brief.

Step 1: Choose NHANES variables for your data brief.

  1. Choose two demographic variables and three health variables of interest from the NHANES questionnaire, MEC, and/or lab data to perform basic analysis and graphing. For this assignment, it is acceptable to use datasets that you’ve downloaded as part of the homework or you can choose others from the 2015-16 NHANES.

Important: Make sure that you understand the variables you choose. Spend time reviewing the documentation file and any analytical notes. Some variables are arranged such that they actually require the use of two variables to get a meaningful value. Alcohol use is one such example in which one question asks about the number of drinks and is its own variable but a second variable indicates frequency of drinking (day, week, month, etc. ) such that you would need to compute a new variable from these two if you wanted a measure of drinks per year. Be aware that you may need to recode and compute variables to conduct your analyses of interest.

  1. Download the necessary datasets.
  2. Merge into one data set by following the procedure in the lesson.
  3. Save the new data set to analyze.
  4. Write one brief paragraph introducing the topic and data.

Step 2: Summarize the data collection methods.

For each variable, describe how it was collected and among whom. You should base this upon the information provided in the documentation file for the datasets.

Step 3: Frame the questions.

State questions about your variables that can be answered with simple analyses presented in this lesson, such as correlation, t-test, chi-square or ANOVA.

  1. One question can be a prevalence question.
  2. At least two additional questions should be related to examining associations.

Step 4: Plan the analyses, recode, and compute.

  1. Create a plan to analyze the variables. Decide which Descriptives/frequencies/test of association make sense.
  2. Recode and compute as needed.
  3. Write one paragraph to describe the steps you took.

Step 5: Conduct the analyses.

  1. Conduct the analyses by following the procedures presented in the lesson. For some analyses, you may have an option to create a graph as part of the output and that is recommended.
  2. Write one paragraph to describe the analyses you performed.

Step 6: Describe the results of the analyses.

  1. Present the results of your analyze. You may either write a paragraph to describe the results or format them as Key Findings and present them in a bulleted list.

Step 7: Present at least two graphs to display your results.

Create a graph for at least two tests of association. Include a label that describes the graph or write a short description in a sentence following the graph. You may place the graphs together or place them after the Key Findings.

Written Response and Paper Format Directions

  • Prepare your response in a word-processing document.
  • Your complete essay should be a minimum of around 2 single-spaced pages (1-inch page margins and 12-point font), excluding your reference list, name, and title; there is no maximum page requirement.
  • Your data brief should include the following sections. You may present the sections in the order below or reorganize them as you see fit for the best flow:
    • An introduction that provides background about the topic and data.
    • NHANES methods relevant to the variables in your brief.
    • The questions your brief addresses.
    • The methods you took to recode, compute, and analyze the data.
    • The results of your analysis in a paragraph or list of Key Findings.
    • Graphs with descriptive labels and/or sentences.
    • Reference list.
  • Cite ALL references as appropriate using in-text citations as appropriate and include a reference list at the end of your written summary. This includes any of the instructional material included in this lesson or the course. All answers and conclusions must be supported, as appropriate, with evidence and resources/citations using APA. Reference the Writing and Citation Resources for assistance.
  • Use a professional writing style.








A Power Point Presentation To Recommend A Technology Upgrade For The Broadway Cafe.

1)To recommend a technology upgrade for the Broadway Cafe.

2)You need to be persuasive, detailing out the problems that will be solved by updating the technology.

3)State the problem to be solved, tell in general terms what the solution will be, the specific systems that will be used, and the benefits that will be realized by the Cafe.

4)You may provide demonstrations, ROI analysis, or other tactics to get your point.