My Subject is Aviation from 1865 to 1915
5 Pages: 1375
The paper, without work’s cited or footnotes, should be between 1200 – 1800 words. (roughly 5 – 6 pages) I will automatically deduct 1 point for every 5 words short of 1200.
The paper must include at least FIVE reputable sources. This can consist of books, journal articles, newspapers, advertisements, and even your textbook, but at least two of them should be the primary sources you provided for approval by Prof. Degges or Mr. Harris.
Please footnote your paper with the correct source to avoid plagiarism. All sources can be cited in MLA, APA, or Chicago Manual of Style.
Below is a general outline that should help to improve your paper.
- Introduce the topic in a way that will catch the reader’s attention.
B. State your thesis. In many cases, the thesis is the last sentence of the introductory paragraph, but you may place it anywhere in the paragraph for reasons of style.
C. Review the main points of evidence you will cover later in the paper to support your thesis.
This should give an overview of what previous secondary sources have said about your topic.
III. Supporting Evidence
This is where you should delve into the primary sources you have and what they say about the topic. Each should be related back to how it answers your research question and support your thesis. Do not forget to answer the who, what, when, and where of your source. This section should account for the bulk of your paper.
- Contrary Evidence
As you are searching for the relevant information related to your topic, you can’t escape coming across controversial evidence to your subject. Do not neglect it. If you do, your paper will be incomplete or rather one-sided. Concentrate on the most significant counterarguments. Do not allocate too much time to controversial issues. Recognize them and elaborate on them focusing on their weak points.
Your conclusion should not be a rephrasing of your introductory paragraph. Although you should briefly summarize how the evidence supports your thesis and how it outweighs the contradictory evidence, you should also use the conclusion to consider the broader implications of your topic.
Essential Tips for Writing History Papers
As you write, keep in mind the following list of writing tips that can improve your paper.
Write in the simple past tense. By definition, history is concerned with the past, and since you’re writing about the past, you need to write in the past tense.
CORRECT EXAMPLE: Roosevelt ordered the banks closed until auditors verified that they were solvent.
INCORRECT EXAMPLE: Roosevelt orders the banks closed until auditors verify that they are solvent.
Avoid the use of the pronoun “I.” You should avoid the use of “I” in college writing, as it is too informal. Structure your essay so that your ideas come across clearly without having to state that they are your ideas.
CORRECT EXAMPLE: The WPA was one of the most successful New Deal programs.
INCORRECT EXAMPLE: I think that the WPA was one of the most successful New Deal programs.
Avoid the use of qualifying terms. Terms such as “possibly,” “probably,” “seems,” “may,” and “might” indicate weaknesses in your argument. In some cases where evidence is almost entirely lacking, such words can be used, but when the preponderance of evidence points in one direction, do not use qualifiers.
CORRECT EXAMPLE: The “Bank Holiday” restored public confidence in the financial system.
INCORRECT EXAMPLE: The “Bank Holiday” probably restored public confidence in the financial system.
Be sure pronouns agree with their antecedents. If a pronoun replaces a plural noun, you should use a plural pronoun. When replacing a singular noun, use a singular pronoun. If you name several people in a previous sentence, be careful not to use a pronoun that could apply to anyone of them; the reader won’t know to whom you’re referring.
CORRECT EXAMPLE: After consulting his advisors, Franklin Roosevelt selected several programs he thought would be effective in helping to end the Depression. He immediately presented these programs to Congress.
INCORRECT EXAMPLE: After consulting his advisors, Franklin Roosevelt selected several programs he thought would be effective in helping to end the Depression. They immediately presented these programs to Congress.
CORRECT EXAMPLE: Two women, Eleanor Roosevelt and Frances Perkins, played crucial roles in the New Deal. Perkins served as FDR’s secretary of labor.
INCORRECT EXAMPLE: Two women, Eleanor Roosevelt and Frances Perkins, played crucial roles in the New Deal. She served as FDR’s secretary of labor.
Avoid slang. Unless you are using a direct quotation that employs slang, do not use it. Slang will ruin the tone of your paper.
Omit needless words or platitudes. State your ideas as directly as possible. Excessive use of adverbs, adjectives, and prepositional phrases can clutter a sentence, obscuring rather than amplifying your points. Many students load their papers with “filler” words in order to meet a minimum length requirement. This is obvious to the reader and does more harm than good. It’s better to use additional evidence rather than additional words.
CORRECT EXAMPLE: The CCC employed thousands of workers to construct hiking trails in national parks.
INCORRECT EXAMPLE: The CCC kept many thousands of workers busily employed in constructing long hiking trails through America’s beautiful national parks.
Writers often take shortcuts by failing to place information within its context, or by neglecting to define terms. Writing this way puts you at risk of providing insufficient information; when grading the essay, the instructor is likely to assume that you are not familiar with the context or terms. One way to overcome this problem is to write your paper so that a general reader unfamiliar with the topic would be able to read and understand the essay. You might ask a friend who fits this description to act as your “ideal reader” and point out areas in your paper that are not clear or have other problems.
Read your draft aloud
Hearing your own words, or having someone else listen to them, can help you identify run-on sentences, awkward phrasing, and other problems that might otherwise escape your attention. This is one of the most effective ways to proofread your work before turning it in.
Cite sources properly. You can use MLA, APA, or Chicago Manual of Style. Any particular issues the answer can be found here: https://libraries.indiana.edu/help-citing-sources.
When reviewing your paper for submission, be careful to answer these questions, and avoid the following pitfalls.
- Does my thesis clearly state my argument and its significance?
- Does the main argument in each body paragraph support my thesis?
- Do I have enough evidence within each body paragraph to make my point?
- Have I adequately introduced, analyzed, and cited every quotation I use?
- Do my topic sentences effectively introduce the main point of each paragraph?
- Do I have transitions between paragraphs?
- Is my paper free of grammar and spelling errors?
I will be grading your papers with all these questions in mind.
Also, here are some commonly identified problems with term paper submissions that will also cost you points:
- You engage in cheap, anachronistic moralizing. (This paper is about evidence-based research)
- You are sloppy with the chronology. (Putting thing out of there order can cause faulty thesis)
- You have written a careless “one-draft wonder.” (Revise!!)
- You are vague or have empty, unsupported generalizations. (Self-explanatory)
- You use inappropriate sources. (websites, family friends, etc.)
- You have no clear thesis and little analysis.
My Subject is Aviationin from 1865 to 1915
1- Booth James W. “Uncle Sam Takes to the Glider”. Evening Star March 9th, 1930
2- Barr Kenneth W. “Bored airmen turn to gliding for new thrills”. Evening Star October 25th, 1931
3- Edoerton S. Joseph. “Aviation”. Evening Star March 30th, 1930 https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1930-03-30/ed-1/seq-62/#date1=1930&index=0&rows=20&words=EDOERTON+JOSEPH+S&searchType=basic&sequence=0&state=&date2=1930&proxtext=EdoertonS.+Joseph&y=0&x=0&dateFilterType=yearRange&page=1
– “Has the glider a future” by Alexander Klemin, published November 1944 by Scientific American. https://www-jstor-org.ezproxy.uta.edu/stable/26061525?Search=yes&resultItemClick=true&searchText=glider&searchText=flight&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoBasicSearch%3FsearchType%3DfacetSearch%26amp%3Bsd%3D%26amp%3Bed%3D1960%26amp%3BQuery%3Dglider%2Bflight&ab_segments=0%2Fbasic_SYC-5055%2Ftest&seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents
– “The first manned flight” by Lida Mayo, published October 1960 by the Airpower Historian. https://www-jstor-org.ezproxy.uta.edu/stable/44513053?Search=yes&resultItemClick=true&searchText=glider&searchText=flight&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoBasicSearch%3FsearchType%3DfacetSearch%26amp%3Bsd%3D%26amp%3Bed%3D1960%26amp%3BQuery%3Dglider%2Bflight&ab_segments=0%2Fbasic_SYC-5055%2Ftest&seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents
– “Octave Chanute: Pioneer Glider and Father of the Science of Aviation” by Frank F. Fowle, published September 1936 by Indiana University Press. https://www-jstor-org.ezproxy.uta.edu/stable/27786818?Search=yes&resultItemClick=true&searchText=glider&searchText=flight&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoBasicSearch%3FsearchType%3DfacetSearch%26amp%3Bsd%3D%26amp%3Bed%3D1960%26amp%3BQuery%3Dglider%2Bflight&ab_segments=0%2Fbasic_SYC-5055%2Ftest&seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents